Women rights in the United States of America is something that has been a topic of conversation since the beginning of the campaign.
Women were treated very differently from the men in the country and were restricted from performing some certain duties that the men were free to perform. The history of women rights in the United States of America dates back to the colonial Era of the world.
The fight for women’s suffrage began in the united stated when Jeannette Rankin entered into congress nearly 70 years ago and this brought about a bigger women’s rights movement.
The leaders of the women’s suffrage disagreed with the tactics and considered prioritizing federal and state reforms. With time, the movement brought about political training for a majority of the pioneer women in Congress.
After the 19th Amendment was passed, there were continuous disagreements among women in Congress and the women’s rights activists.
The first women’s rights rally in the United States was held July 19–20, 1848, in Seneca Falls, New York.
After 2 days of discussion and debate, 68 women and 32 men signed a Declaration of Sentiments, which set the agenda for the women’s rights movement.
There was a set of 12 resolutions is adopted calling for equal treatment of women and men under the law and voting rights for women.
In 1850, the first National Women’s Rights Convention takes place in Worcester, Mass., attracting more than 1,000 participants.
1869 saw two distinct factions of the suffrage movement emerged. Stanton and Anthony created the National Woman Suffrage Association (NWSA), which directed its efforts toward changing federal law and opposed the 15th Amendment on the basis that it excluded women.
Lucy Stone, a one-time Massachusetts antislavery advocate and a prominent lobbyist for women’s rights, formed the American Woman Suffrage Association (AWSA).
The territory of Wyoming passes the first women’s suffrage law. The following year, women begin serving on juries in the territory.
During the 1880s, the two wings of the women’s rights movement struggled to maintain momentum.
AWSA was better funded and the larger of the two groups. It had only a regional reach however. The NWSA, which was based in New York, relied on its statewide network, but also drew recruits from around the nation largely on the basis of the extensive speaking circuits of Stanton and Anthony.
Neither group attracted broad support from women or persuaded male politicians or voters to adopt its cause.
In 1880s and early 1890s things changed, when the nation experienced a surge of volunteerism among middle-class women—activists in progressive causes, members of women’s clubs and professional societies, temperance advocates, and participants in local civic and charity organizations.
The determination of these women to expand their sphere of activities further outside the home helped legitimize the suffrage movement and provided new momentum for the NWSA and the AWSA.
The National Association of Colored Women was formed in 1896, bringing together more than 100 black women’s clubs.
Leaders in the black women’s club movement include Josephine St. Pierre Ruffin, Mary Church Terrell, and Anna Julia Cooper.
An organization known as the National Women’s Trade Union League (WTUL) was established in order to monitor and help improve the wages and working condition of the women in the country.
NAWSA worked as a nonpartisan organization focused on gaining the vote in states, this continued for the next two decades although managerial problems and lack of coordination initially limited its success.
The efforts of NAWSA intensified between the year 1910 and 1914, and during this time, additional states extended the franchise to women in states like Washington, California, Arizona, Kansas and Oregon. Ruth Hanna McCormick was the person who led the fight for suffrage as a lobbyist in Springfield.
The women’s activist movement took a giant step to success when Alice Paul and Lucy Burns form the Congressional Union to work toward the passage of a federal amendment to give women the vote.
The group is later renamed the National Women’s Party. Members picket the White House and practice other forms of civil disobedience. This first happen in Springfield and a year later Montana granted women the right to vote due to the efforts of Jeannette Rankin.
Militant suffragists used tactics such as parades, silent vigils, and hunger strikes. Often supporters met fierce resistance. Opponents heckled, jailed, and sometimes physically abused them.
By 1916, almost all of the major suffrage organizations were united behind the goal of a constitutional amendment. When New York adopted woman suffrage in 1917 and President Wilson changed his position to support an amendment in 1918, the political balance began to shift. On May 21, 1919, the House of Representatives passed the amendment, and 2 weeks later, the Senate followed. When Tennessee became the 36th state to ratify the amendment on August 18, 1920, the amendment passed its final hurdle of obtaining the agreement of three-fourths of the states. Secretary of State Bainbridge Colby certified the ratification on August 26, 1920, changing the face of the American electorate forever.
Women continued to step up their game in the society and started trying out and doing things that were not possible to do a few years. We have walked into an era where women now compete with men in the society for various positions that are of high value. In 2016, history was made when Hillary Clinton secured the presidential nomination for the Democrat party; this made her the first woman ever to possess the ticket of a major party in the United States. I believe nowadays, equal rights are been observed on both genders in the society.